Most warehouses prefer using pallet racking systems to maximize the storage space they have available. However, while these systems have significant storage advantages, a lot needs to be considered when adding pallet racking to your warehouse. Since they come in a variety of systems depending on your specific needs, it can often be difficult to decide what type to choose of pallet rack for your warehouse. To make this process easier for you, here’s a breakdown of the most common types of pallet racking systems:
Cantilever racking is mostly used for storing long products, such as lengths of timber, plastic piping and steel rods. The racking consists of long arms protruding from a metal framework specifically designed to store long or bulky items. Unlike some other types of pallet racking systems, cantilever racking has no front column. This, in turn, increases the storage space available to you and allows easy access to all the inventory and products.
One of the most popular and commonly used pallet racking systems, selective pallet racks allow pallets to be accessed from the structure’s aisle. Load beams provide a pallet support structure. Selective racking allows direct access to each pallet and can be configured to almost any size you desire. This racking is also the most easily installed of all the other types.
Push Back Racking
These pallet racking systems are fabricated in structural or roll form and have a last-in/first-out rotation. These systems are ideal for high-density multiple product storage. Push back racking also increases the accessibility of products, and allows for specific selection of inventory items. When a pallet is loaded or placed on the structure, the next pallet is ‘pushed’ back on the rails where it rests firmly. When unloaded, they are ‘pushed’ to the front of the structure.
Drive-in pallet racking is designed to maximize the use of floor space within a warehouse and has a last-in/first-out rotation . This type of pallet racking requires fewer aisles for the same amount of storage. Hence, because of the space saved, they are a cost-effective option. Drive-in racking is designed in a way which allows forklifts to make their way through the aisles to continue stocking and adding additional pallets.
Pallet Flow Racking
Pallet flow racking, also commonly referred to as gravity flow racks, are typically ideal for high density storage with multiple order picking levels. Employing the first-in/first-out (FIFO) loading system, loads are stored at the higher end and removed at the lower end point. As products continue to be loaded, the rotation becomes automatic because of the flow of the racks.
Carton Flow Racking
Just like pallet flow racks, Carton flow racks offer great storage for inventories operating by first-in/first-out (FIFO) management. These systems use a rear load design, which allows for easily operated and managed inventory. Unlike racking systems, carton flow racking rotates products automatically by design, allowing for storage optimization and maximum efficiency.