It is a cut-throat time to be in the industrial manufacturing sector.
Warehouse and manufacturing facilities are being updated with cutting-edge conveyor systems to help improve product flow and give them a competitive edge. A new install or upgrade to your facilities conveyor systems will increase profit, efficiency, and growth.
Check out the Occupational Safety and Health Administrations (OSHA) Warehousing Pocket Guide.
Types of Conveyors
This article is your crash-course guide on some of the more unique types of conveyor systems. Here, we break it down to tell you what each system does, and the industries and businesses that use each type.
The following types of conveyors provide unique features for handling inventory materials.
These conveyor systems are used to move magnetically charged materials horizontally and vertically. The system consists of magnetic plates which sit below a smooth table, and, when activated, they will guide material down the track.
Belt-less magnetic conveyor systems are used in facilities that move scrap metal, and manufactured metal materials. These systems are designed to handle steep vertical angles and elevation changes.
Chute conveyors use gravity to move materials. The system is raked at a slight incline and has a smooth surface. Chute systems are used by the postal service and other box shipping facilities. Spiral chute conveyor systems are commonly used to transport goods from floor to another.
Towline conveyors use mobile carts to carry awkward and over-sized items that are usually considered unconveyable, such as furniture, along a track on the floor.
Overhead systems are used in a range of applications. These systems operate on a track which is mounted on the ceiling. Overhead conveyors can use chain or cable to move materials, and, can handle a wide range of load capacities.
Overhead conveyor systems are used by dry-cleaners, factory warehouses, and storage facilities. Overhead tracks can be built to accommodate incline variations.
Pneumatic / Vacuum
Vacuum conveyor systems operate by creating suction by which material is transported through a tube. These conveyors can be configured for any terrain or incline, as, they use high-pressure suction.
These systems are used by every bank with a drive-through, and, are also used to transport chemical, mineral, food, and material scrap. Harmful dust and fine-grain materials can be moved safely through the pneumatic conveyor.
Roller systems are mechanical conveyors. These systems are attached to a frame, which holds a platform of rollers. The rollers enable personnel to easily push material along the track, or, systems can be designed with a slight decline, to use gravity.
These systems are in loading docks, airport baggage areas, and material handling facilities.
Powered roller conveyors are just like mechanical rollers – except, each roller attaches to a motor belt. For bulky, heavy materials, a powered roller system is best. These systems are found in packaging facilities, food processing, and metal factories.
Vertical conveyor systems are purely used for lifting material between levels of conveyor lines. These systems take material from a lower level to a higher level. They join with the end of a conveyor system line.
Material slides on the lift from a roller system and is lifted to the system above, or below. Vertical conveyors enable you to save space in your facility, by utilizing vertical space to process materials.
If you are looking for a way to make good use of vertical warehouse space, here is a complete guide.
How to Choose
Your choice of a conveyor system is dependent on its intended use, and the materials that are to be handled.
Check out our article on how rack supported structures can maximize storage space in storage facilities.
Now, hopefully you have a better idea of what types of conveyor systems there are to choose from. It is always best though, to consult your local material handling distributor and have them assist you in designing the ideal conveyor system for your particular operations. If you found this article helpful, leave us a comment!